Should Students Retake the SAT? Yes, New Study Finds
Should Students Retake the SAT? Yes, New Study FindsCollege Board Communications
New research reveals that students who take the SAT more than once see improved scores, and thus likely increases four-year college enrollment significantly. As the New York Times reported, "...on average, retaking [the SAT] improved scores by nearly 90 points out of 2,400 — more for low scorers. Students who retook the test were likelier to enroll in a four-year (vs. two-year) college, probably because improved scores made them stronger applicants.”
The study, conducted by three economists, included approximately 14 million SAT takers, who completed the old SAT between 2006 and 2014. According to the report, underrepresented students are less likely than their peers to take the SAT multiple times. The study found that encouraging students to retake tests could potentially close the income and racial gap in four-year college going rates. Bridging this gap between access and opportunity is essential to identifying all students with college potential regardless of race or socioeconomic status. Findings estimated that increasing the retake rates along income lines would close approximately 20 percent of the four-year college enrollment gap. And increasing the retake rates of Black and Hispanic students would close the gap by an estimated 10 percent.
To help address this issue, the College Board has introduced new resources and tools that remove cost barriers to college for underrepresented and low-income students. Through Official SAT Practice on Khan Academy, the growth of SAT School Day, and easier access to the full set of SAT Fee Waiver Benefits (which includes two free SAT registrations, with or without the essay) low-income students can prepare for the SAT, take the exam twice, apply to college, send their scores, and apply for financial aid for an unlimited number of colleges, all for free.