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Kentucky 2014 Results

Participation

A look at the Kentucky SAT results for the class of 2014 shows:

  • 1,944 Kentucky students in the class of 2014 took the SAT, compared to 2,158 last year. Among Kentucky public school students in the class of 2014, 1,138 took the SAT, compared to 1,229 in the previous class.
  • Of those Kentucky students who took the exam, 23.3% (452 students) were minority students, compared to 19.4% (419 students) from the class of 2013.
  • Among public school test-takers, 27.2% (310 students) were minority students, compared to 23.5% (289 students) from the class of 2013.
  • 5.6% of students took the exam using a fee waiver, compared to 4.2% from the class of 2013. 8.3% of Kentucky public school students took the exam using a fee waiver, compared to 6.3% from the class of 2013.

The SAT College and Career Readiness Benchmark

The need to improve college and career readiness remains critical. The College Board developed the SAT College and Career Readiness Benchmark to help colleges and secondary school administrators, educators, and policymakers identify students who are likely to be ready to take college-entry, credit-bearing courses in college and not need remediation. The SAT Benchmark score of 1550 is associated with a 65% probability of obtaining a first-year college GPA of B- or higher.

  • Overall, 42.6% of SAT takers in the class of 2014 met the SAT College and Career Readiness Benchmark. This number has remained virtually unchanged over time. Among all U.S. public school test-takers, 39.1% met the benchmark.
  • In Kentucky, 75.2% of test-takers (1,461 students) met the SAT College and Career Readiness Benchmark. Among public school students, 74.2% met the benchmark (844 students).
75.2% of Kentucky SAT takers from the class of 2014 met the benchmark
4.6% of Kentucky students from the class of 2014 took the SAT

 

The percentage of SAT takers meeting or exceeding the benchmark tends to decline as SAT participation increases.

Among underrepresented minority students:

  • 53.9% of Kentucky's African American SAT takers met the benchmark.
  • 68.3% of Kentucky's Hispanic SAT takers met the benchmark.
  • 87.5% of Kentucky's Native American SAT takers met the benchmark.

Studies show that students who meet the benchmark are:

  • More likely to enroll in a four-year college. 78% enrolled in a four-year college or university, compared to only 46% of those who did not meet the benchmark.
  • More likely to complete their degree. 54% earned a bachelor’s degree within four years, compared to only 27% of those who did not meet the benchmark.

Students who met the SAT College and Career Readiness Benchmark were more likely to have completed a high school core curriculum, which is defined as four or more years of English, three or more years of mathematics, three or more years of natural science, and three or more years of social science and history. However, about one in eight Kentucky students in the SAT class of 2014 did not take a core curriculum, compared to the overall average of about one in four test-takers.

Participation and Performance

Kentucky has made a great commitment to expanding access to challenging course work for students across the state. As a result, students have made gains in participation and success.

  • 22.8% of Kentucky’s public high school 11th- and 12th-graders took at least one AP Exam in 2014, up from 9.7% in 2004.
  • 11.8% of Kentucky’s public high school 11th- and 12th-graders scored a 3 or higher on an AP Exam in 2014, up from 4.9% in 2004.
  • 16.6% of Kentucky’s public high school 11th- and 12th-grade AP examinees who scored a 3 or higher were from low-income households, compared to 5.2% in 2004.

The Importance of AP for Kentucky Students

New research shows the benefits of AP for all students.Footnote 1 AP students with an average AP Exam score of:

A graphic which shows that AP students with an average AP Exam score: of 1 are 2-6 percentage points higher; of 2 are 7-11 percentage points higher; of 3 are 12-16 percentage points higher; of 4 are 17-22 percentage points higher; and of 5 are 23-27 percentage points higher in expected on-time college graduation rate compared to academically matched peers who don’t take an AP Exam.

 

in expected on-time college graduation rate, compared to academically matched peers who don’t take an AP Exam.

The typical student who receives a score of 3 or higher on two AP Exams has the potential to save an average of more than $1,700 at a public four-year college in Kentucky and $4,700 at a private institution.Footnote asterisk*

Advancing AP STEM Participation

According to the U.S. Department of Commerce, the growth in STEM jobs was three times as fast as growth in non-STEM jobs over the last 10 years. STEM jobs are expected to grow by 17% during the 2008–2018 period versus 9.8% growth for non-STEM jobs.Footnote 2

Research shows that students who took AP mathematics and science were more likely than non-AP students to earn degrees in physical science, engineering, and life science disciplines.Footnote 3

  • 10.0% of Kentucky public high school 11th- and 12th-graders took an AP mathematics or science exam in 2014.
  • 4.8% of underrepresented Kentucky public high school 11th- and 12th-graders took an AP mathematics or science exam in 2014.

AP PotentialTM: A Look Back, A Look Ahead

PSAT/NMSQT results are the strongest predictor of a student’s potential to succeed in certain AP courses.Footnote 4 From these results, educators can identify students with a 60% or higher likelihood of succeeding in particular AP subjects. Using such data, schools, districts, and states can support access to AP for all academically prepared students.

Data from the class of 2014 found that 25% of prepared public school students in Kentucky graduated without taking a course in an available AP subject for which they had the potential to succeed or attended a school that did not offer a course in the subject.

Based on last year’s PSAT/NMSQT results for 10th grade test-takers in the public school class of 2016, there are at least:

  • 2,406 Kentucky students with the potential for success in at least one AP course.
  • 1,232 Kentucky students with the potential for success in at least one STEM subject.
  • 141 underrepresented Kentucky students with the potential for success in at least one AP course.

Notes

The AP data in this report are administration level and represent all of the exams taken within a given year by students in 11th and 12th grades, with the exception of data used to calculate AP Potential data for the classes of 2014 and 2016.

Return to footnote * referrer Please note: These estimates are based on Table 5 of the 2013 College Board report, Trends in College Pricing.

Return to footnote 1 referrer. http://bit.ly/1CmglCj: Results are presented for students with average PSAT/NMSQT performance, and ranges are shown since these rates vary by gender, race/ethnicity, and parent education level.

Return to footnote 2 referrer. http://1.usa.gov/W5OipC

Return to footnote 3 referrer. http://bit.ly/WnOQBn

Return to footnote 4 referrer. Ewing, Camara, and Milsap. (2006). The Relationship Between PSAT/NMSQT Scores and AP Examination Grades: A Follow-Up Study. (http://research.collegeboard.org)

Overview

The PSAT/NMSQT is the linchpin among College Board programs, providing a baseline for analyzing student progress and serving as an early indicator of student potential. It is a valuable tool for educators, students, and parents. It opens doors for improved instruction, identifies students who need to get back on track, expands access to challenging course work, and helps to ensure more successful transitions to college.

Participation

In Kentucky in 2013, 19,836 students across the state benefited from taking the PSAT/NMSQT. The number of public school students was 12,797.

  • Among Kentucky’s 10th-grade public school students, 8.5% participated in the PSAT/NMSQT last year. This compares to 38.3% of 10th-grade public school students nationally.
  • In Kentucky, 3,119 minority students participated in the 2013 administration. This represents 15.7% of Kentucky test-takers. Overall, 1,678,760 minority students took the test. This represents 45.9% of test-takers.